All matter that can be broken down into carbon dioxide, water, simple organic molecules by methods such as living organisms or composting can be categorized as biodegradable waste. Examples can be food waste, vegetable peels, paper, the genre. We can pack all other products into the category of non-biodegradable waste. It creates pollution and has to be burnt or buried and affects nature with pollution, for example, plastics, and other manufactured products.
The Basics Of Biodegradable Waste
The simple point of organic waste is to be able to decompose it. The major problem of today is that waste generation has exceeded the rate of its removal. One- time use plastics such as polythene bags and all stay in the ground for millions of years, effusing their toxicity into the ground. Since these are the natural resources that we use to grow food and use for our products. Also, with the atmosphere, we have ozone layer depletion. We also have an increase in the concentration of CFCs by rockets and all. And now, with increasing development, we have space wars and space debris.
All of this is a clear indication of how we are infusing waste into our planet. Then it starts accelerating the rate of our planet’s extinction. Biodegradable waste can ensure that we do not end up giving million- year recyclability to our planet.
More About The Waste
In today’s world, such waste doesn’t mean just organic materials like household waste and pencil, rubber peels. With the fourth industrial revolution, biodegradable waste has changed its definition. It is from being products that can be self disposed of in a short period to products that can be replaced. We can replace it with the existing synthetic products and it can self dispose or ‘eat themselves away’.
Research and innovation are high on this field of waste management today. With certain plastics such as resin made and PET plastics in the limelight, the problem of waste generation is not over yet. The awareness between the technique to dispose of organic compost waste such as food peels and biodegradable plastic has to be created. PET plastics need certain industrial conditions, which are 12 weeks at 57°C to decompose. These need to be distinguished, and knowledge needs to be permeated to the masses.
Since we generate useful products, by the laws of nature, specifically thermodynamics, second law, there will undoubtedly be some waste generation. And the best way to ensure that this waste can be recycled as fast as possible is to convert the non-biodegradable to biodegradable waste. Something that nature can heal and recover from in its usual cycle. And so now there are inventions like virgin plastic. We can use it repeatedly, eliminating the need to create more. Thus, even when we are unable to generate only biodegradable, we are still capable of reducing the non-biodegradable waste generation.
Even though biodegradable waste does not solve the problem of plastic generation, it is still helpful in curbing our food waste problem. Along with bio compost, these green alternatives decompose to produce more manure for the agricultural sector. Thus, even though it is not a perfect solution, still the step is one step ahead of a notable cause.