Have you heard about composting just using your garden’s supplies? Compost is a vital element for growing healthy and beautiful plants, and almost all gardeners keep a sufficient supply of it. Maintaining compost piles helps to grow the best quality and fresh fruits and vegetables in your backyard garden. Understanding the science behind the making of compost and how to use it effectively will ensure that your garden thrives. Here we have shared the basic concept about compost and all that is necessary to make superior quality of compost.
What Is Compost?
Compost is made by decomposing all types of organic matter in a pit over the months unless they turn into a moist soil-like consistency. This material will be reached in nutrients that will help your garden thrive. Compost takes place when beneficial microorganisms work on organic waste to slowly decompose them. In the ideal environment, compost formation takes 2-3 weeks. Organic waste like rotting vegetables, eggshells, fruit and vegetable peels, fallen leaves, orange rind all piled in a pit with earthworms, and other similar creatures working on breaking them down will eventually turn into compost.
How Can Compost Be Made Quickly?
To quickly turn the natural wastes into compost, you must provide the ideal environment. Composting process accelerates when you have the following four elements in the environment around the composting pit:
Materials rich in carbon are the food of soil microorganisms. Hence, broken down rapidly. Plant materials that are dry, tan, or brownish in color and fibrous fall in this category. Some examples of such plant parts include dry leaves, rotted hay, cornstalks, and shredded paper.
Materials rich in nitrogen give the microorganism the protein they need for thriving and reproducing. Weeds, fresh grass, excessively ripened fruit, vegetables, kitchen scraps, and similar moist and green elements are all rich in nitrogen.
Animal by-products like blood and bones, kelp meal, and manure serve as a good source of nitrogen when added to compost.
Water plays a vital role in fostering the process. However, the amount of water needs precise determination. Too much water can drown the microorganisms, while too little will dehydrate them. The moisture in the compost should be as much as that in a well-wrung sponge. Keep the pile covered or in an enclosed container to retain moisture. If you must add water, make sure it is unchlorinated.
Composting – Oxygen
When you initially pile the waste materials, there will be a lot of air trapped between the layers. But they will eventually consume the oxygen. It would be best if you come across a way to keep the pile aerated so that the composting takes place rapidly.
Understanding the basics of composting is essential to start with gardening. Knowing the different processes is vital to make your garden thrive and look at its best. Compost needs to be formulated with extra care, hence knowing the tips and tricks is of vital importance.