The process of composting is a natural process. Compostable Food Waste is the recycling of organic food into the soil of humus. The composition of food waste is important for the environment. Food waste is generated in large quantities, which is why it is necessary to decompose it. Most of the Compostable Food Waste is thrown away in dustbins which is why they go waste unnecessarily. It is necessary to separate the wet waste from dry waste for the process of composting. Without segregation, composting the Compostable Food Waste is impossible. The wet waste has the capability of becoming black gold, but it goes to waste because nobody cares to segregate the waste. To have a clean environment, one must make sure that they segregate the wet waste from the dry waste. The topic of Compostable Food Waste is taught to students in schools and universities. The reason why it is taught is that it is necessary to spread awareness among the young generation. Since they are the future of our country, they must have all the essential information.
List of Food Items that can be Converted into Compostable Food Waste
- Dairy products
- Unbleached Paper Napkin
- Coffee filters
If any food item can be grown in a field, then it is compostable. The items that cannot be composted are – plastic, packages of condiment, silverware, bottles, chemicals, polystyrene, utensils, plastic bags, foil, and plastic wrap. The items that can be considered at Compostable Food Waste are – bones, red meat, and tiny pieces of paper. However, they take longer periods to decompose. Compostable Food Waste has properties that help in the decomposition of food items. The higher the moisture content, the lower is their physical structure. When the moisture content is high, decomposition is easier.
Benefits of Composing the Compostable Food Waste
- Soil as well as water conservation.
- It safeguards the quality of groundwater
- It reduces the odor produced from the areas of agriculture
- It avoids the production of methane and the formation of Leachate in landfills.
- It stops the erosion and loss of turf on roadsides, playing fields, hillside, playing fields, as well as golf courses.
- It hugely reduces the requirement for pesticides as well as fertilizers.
- It joins heavy metals as well as prevents them from going into water resources, getting mixed by the plants.
- Long-term stability of organic matter
- Includes organic matter, humus, as well as the capacity of cation exchange
- It increases the size of crops and yields.
- Increases concentration as well as the length of roots in various crops.
- Lessens the requirements of fertilizer.
- Lessens requirements of water as well as irrigation
- Increases the population of earthworms in soil
Various factors need to be understood about Compostable Food Waste that has been discussed in this article. Make sure you use Compostable Food Waste as they have a large number of benefits.