In general, vermicomposting is a composting type that involves the usage of earthworm species to improve organic waste conversion as well as the production of end-product. Directly speaking, it’s mesophilic processing that utilizes earthworms and microorganisms. The earthworm species feed with organic waste material and then pass on to their digestive system. Finally, it gives out a cocoon or a granular form known as vermicompost. In order words, it can be considered earthworm excrement that’s termed as casting. It can enhance chemical, biological, and physical aspects of soil. The secretions in the digestive tract aid in the breakdown of organic matter and soil that contains nutrients for plants. Know more about it here.
Construction Of Vermicompost
An inclusive range of remainders like leaves, stalks, grass, husk, and wildflower will be rehabilitated into vermicompost. For the production of compost, other potential feedstocks are poultry litter, livestock wastes, food processing waste, bagasse, organic fraction of MSW, dairy wastes, and digestate originating from biogas plants. All earthworm weighs around 0.5-0.6 grams that eat garbage equal to its weight. It then produces 50% of the trash that was consumed by it in a single day. The casting moisture content ranges between 32-66% as the good pH level is 7. In the compost, the nutrient level relies upon the earthworm species and raw material source.
The non-burrowing earthworm types eat around 10-90% of organic waste and convert it into compost faster compared to burrowing earthworms. It can tolerate a temperature of about 0-40 degrees C and has regeneration capacity at 25-30-degrees C.
Vermicompost Burrowing Type
The other type creates from the soil shallow and makes dumps inside the soil of deepness 3.5m. It thus produces 5.6kg of casting by digesting 10% of organic waste, and 90% soil. In general, 3600 earthworms’ kinds are separated into non-burrowing and investigating types. Red earthworm species will contain Eisenia foetida, best for compost.
The vermicomposting type will depend on composting structures and the amount of production. For example, small-scale vermicomposting executes by gardeners/farmers that meet personal requirements. It can harvest five to ten tons of compost. On the other hand, vermicomposting in large-scale is facilitated in sizeable organic waste quantity. Thus, it produces hundreds of tons of compost annually.
Application Of Vermicompost
The casting of worm contains not only micronutrients but also higher macro percentages compared to garden compost. The excellent worm cast will be rich in NPK, and it will be available readily. Vermicompost not only suppresses plant disease, improve plant growth, do a microbial activity, but also increases porosity in soil. Also, it improves aeration and water retention.
Vermicompost benefits our environment by decreasing the waste amount that goes into landfills and reduces chemical fertilizer needs. The production of vermicompost is done worldwide, and you can find it mostly in Southeast Asia, Asia-Pacific, and Western countries.
Vermicompost sold in bagged or sold in bulk as per the soil blend and compost variety. The market includes greenhouses, grocery chains, discount houses, the general public, flower shops, landscape contractors, nurseries, and improvement centers. You can easily buy it from these stores. It will improve your soil quality. Also, improve plant production. Other than that, it offers other benefits as well. Now, you are familiar with it well. So, you can make efforts to have it. It is helpful and useful for our surroundings. Also, you know how they are produced. Further, it will be beneficial to use it in your soil. Thus, reap amazing results such as improved soil quality. Again, you can prefer any type as per the use. It also has other benefits as well.