For many gardeners, composting is a great way to add valuable nutrients back into their soil, and it’s actually an easy method to get started with. Even though many of us think of “compost” as a kind of do-it-yourself project, it can actually be a very simple process that requires very little time or effort on your part. With just a few simple steps, you’ll soon be creating your own natural organic fertilizer that can go directly into your garden soil.
Choose Ideal Place To Keep Compost Heap
To begin with, it’s important to have an ideal place to keep your compost heap. This could be in any size area, from a small corner of a garage to a full size compost bin. If you’re working in a small area, consider building a small compost bin specifically for your needs. It should be large enough to hold at least three months’ worth of organic scraps, including fertilizers, weed killers, and fruit and vegetable scraps.
Keep your compost pile moist, but not submerged, throughout the process. If the pile starts to dry out too much, you may have to add more water. You may also want to purchase some drainage holes – about two to three inches in diameter – to help keep your compost bin from flooding. These holes will also let any moisture that would have drained away safely through your compost pile floor.
After about a week of building your compost heap, it’s time to move it to the compost bin. To do this, dig a shallow hole a few inches larger than the compost bin itself, using your compost bin as a guide. Then put the compost in the hole, fill up with dirt, and then set the bin on top of the dirt. Cover the compost with dirt once more, tuck in the hole, and then gently push the compost to the sides of the compost heap, where it will settle and develop into a crumbly mass.
Remove Access Material From Heap
Continue to manage your compost pile during the process. Remove any excess or rotten material, putting it in baskets or other containers. Remove and burn any leftover soil that still has some nutrients. You’ll want to make sure you continually monitor the condition of your compost pile. Your compost garden will benefit from a steady dose of organic matter, so make sure it remains moist and rich.
Once the materials in your compost heap have settled and developed into a crumbly mass, cover the whole thing with a mulch of green, loose soil that has been packed into tight balls. This will help keep moisture in the compost heap and keep pests like termites from chewing up your precious organic matter. The mulch acts as a humidifier, drawing any moisture in from outside and keeping the soil around the compost bin nice and fresh. Add some lime or baking soda to the soil to improve its pH level, too.
Let’s Set The Compost Pile
Now, let your compost pile sit and continue to ferment for a few months. This is called “soiling” because it enables you to add organic matter that can help plants flourish and also to test the soil’s moisture content. Remember, dry compost doesn’t compost well, so you’ll want to do plenty of watering to ensure the material is moist enough when you’re ready to start preparing your compost garden. When the material in your compost bin smells earthy and smells like grass blades, it’s ready to be turned. Now, your compost garden is ready for planting! Be sure to water your plants well after you’re ready for them, and keep an eye on them to make sure they stay healthy throughout the year.
Soil preparation is very important before you even consider turning your compost. If you haven’t already started to compost, find out what kinds of materials you have lying around in your garage or basement right now. Dig deep, scoop up the material and break it up. Put the broken pieces in your compost bin or compost bucket, throw the unprocessed material into your soil and mix together. Add water while mixing. Your garden will thank you.